Paris: A. de Vresse [&] Maison Martinet, 1862. Item #05043
A Fine French Album of Sixty-Six Caricatures Including Twenty-Eight with Hand-Coloring
PELCOQ, Jules, illustrator. Actualités. Paris: A. de Vresse [&] Maison Martinet, [1862-1863].
Folio (13 3/4 x 10 1/8 inches; 350 x 257 mm.). Twenty-eight fine and mainly amusing hand colored lithograph plates all heightened with gum arabic, and thirty-eight black and white lithograph plates making a total of sixty-six plates, all signed, numbered and titled Actualités. All plates mounted on stubs. A few of the black & white plates and one color plate (No. 363) with light, mainly marginal foxing. One of the color plates (No. 133) lightly toned, and color plate No. 226 with neat marginal repair just touching image.
Contemporary half red morocco over red pebbled cloth boards, ruled in gilt. Front cover with rectangular black morocco label lettered in gilt. Smooth spine decoratively tooled and lettered in gilt, marbled endpapers. A wonderful collection.
Color: Numbers 13, 14, 15, 19, 31, 56, 78, 133, 137, 215, 226, 227, 241, 251, 281, 291, 317, 318, 331, 335, 337, 342, 346, 347, 349, 356, 360, & 363
Black & White: Numbers 4, 5, 6, 43, 77, 99, 102, 107, 115, 116, 122, 135, 147, 148, 155, 161, 162, 163, 165, 168, 201, 210, 217, 223, 227, 265, 282, 292, 317, 318, 324, 325, 363, 386, 389, 389, 397, & 398.
Note: Some plate numbers are duplicated but the plates are all different.
Pelcoq, Jules (1825-1887). "Jules Pelcoq (born in Belgium) was a Parisian book illustrator and colleague of Honoré Daumier and contributed to Le Charivari and other French periodicals of the time. He also covered the French side for the Illustrated London News during the Franco-Prussian War. While covering the 1870 siege of Paris, Pelcoq dispatched his work by balloon to London. Wood engravings were then made from his sketches once they arrived in England. His work captures the attempt by Parisian troops to break through the surrounding Prussian army and the plight of citizens on the edge of starvation forced to eat animals from the Parisian zoo. Pelcoq often signed his name with pseudonyms such as: Jipé or Pipey
By the 19th century, caricature in France had become a highly evolved form of public discourse about famous figures (politicians, artists and writers, etc.) and the events of the day. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, French periodicals such as La vie Parisienne, Le journal amusant, Le petit journal pour rire and Le Charivari became well-known for the caricatures they published. Caricaturists (many of whom published under pseudonyms) themselves became public figures.