London: , 1819. Item #05230
A Fine Manuscript Album of over One Hundred Caricatures
By The Designer of Lord Nelson's Funeral Car
The Rev. Ange Denis Macquin - A Contemporary of Louis Léopold Boilly
MACQUIN, Rev. Ange Denis. A Series of Heads by A.D.M. 1819. [London, 1812-June 1819].
Small quarto (9 1/8 x 7 1/2 inches; 232 x 190 mm.). Pen & ink manuscript title-page with a roundel of sixteen heads,dated at lower right-hand corner "June 1819". "An Index" 4 pp., [sub title] "A Congeries of Heads, May 1819", one hundred fine pen & ink drawings (interleaved) showing various facial expressions indicative of character… many of them dated at foot.
Handsomely bound ca. 1930 in full tan calf, covers double-ruled in gilt surrounding a wide inlaid border of brown calf decoratively ruled in blind. Front cover with large head in center inlaid in dark green calf. Spine with five raised bands, decoratively tooled in gilt in compartments, two maroon calf labels lettered in gilt, decorative blind-tooled board edges, decorative gilt turn-ins, dark green coated endpapers, all edges gilt. Front cover slightly bowed, otherwise fine.
An absolutely fantastic 'disorderly jumble' of one hundred original caricatures depicting various distorted and twisted facial expressions of human characteristics, feelings, and actions, including curiosity, despondency, grief, disappointment, laughter, hope, arrogance, and many others. The majority of the illustrations are quite grotesque and ugly, similar to other caricature artists of the time, such as James Gillray and Louis-Léopold Boilly.
MACQUIN, Ange Denis (1756–1823), abbé and miscellaneous writer, of Scottish extraction, was born at Meaux in 1756. Educated at the college of that town, he became a good classical scholar, was appointed professor of rhetoric and belles-lettres, and held a rich ecclesiastical benefice in the neighbourhood. In 1783 he published anonymously a pamphlet entitled 'Je ne sais quoi, par je ne sais qui, se vend je ne sais où,' and in 1789 some verses on memory. At the commencement of the revolution he edited or contributed to a royalist paper, which openly welcomed the Prussian invaders as deliverers. Quitting Meaux just in time to escape the massacre of 4 Sept. 1792, he embarked at St. Valery for England. At Hastings he began learning English, and supported himself by sketching local scenery; but in 1793 an introduction to Edmund Lodge led to his appointment as heraldic draughtsman to the College of Arms, and on 22 May 1794 he was elected honorary fellow of the London Society of Antiquaries (Gough, List, 1798). He designed Nelson's funeral- car and a new throne for the House of Lords. Devoting his leisure to literature and art, he wrote on heraldry and other subjects in the 'Encyclopædia Londinensis,' besides literary and antiquarian articles for the 'Sporting Magazine.' He likewise edited Bellinger's 'Dictionary of French and English Idioms,' and published a humorous Latin poem, 'Tabella Cibaria,' a history of three hundred animals (London, 1812), and a 'Description of West's picture of Christ rejected by the Jews' (1814). On the fall of Napoleon he revisited France, and recovered part of his property, but feeling himself out of his element there he returned to London. He was latterly engaged on a work entitled 'Etymological Gleanings,' some portions of which appeared in Jordan's 'Literary Gazette,' He died in Bermondsey Street, Southwark, 17 July 1823, and was buried in the catholic church at Horselydown. (Gent. Mag. 1823, ii. 1801 W. Jerdan's Autobiography, iii. 103, London, 1852; Quérard's France Littéraire, Paris, 1833; Carro'e Histoire de Meaux, 1865).
Obituary: The Abbe Ange-Denis Macquin
The Abbé Macquin, descended of Scotch Ancestry, was born at Meaux en Brie, in the department of the Seine and Marne, in France, in the year 1756, and was educated in the College of that city, where his extraordinary proficiency in classical learning obtained for him, at an early age, the rank of Professor of Rhetoric and Belles-Lettres, which he held for several years, together with an Ecclesiastical Benefice in the neighbourhood.
Previously to the eventful period of the Revolution, the literary talents of this gentleman had rendered him conspicuous in the province in which he resided; and an honest conviction of the baneful effects of the principles which were disseminated throughout France at that time, having induced him to employ his pen to expose their demoralizing character, in a journal published in his native city, he became an object of menace and violence, when all attempts, by the offer of the highest preferment in the Church, were found to be insufficient to persuade him to join the revolutionary fanaticks of the day. Firm in the principles in which he had been educated, and unshaken in the rectitude of his conduct, he resigned his Professor-ship, as soon as it appeared to him that a longer continuance in a public employment would have been incompatible with those principles, and lived, for some time, upon the income of a small patrimonial estate; until, at length, a direct attack upon his life compelled him to retire from a scene of horror and bloodshed, and to seek an asylum in another country.
In the month of September 1792 he left Meaux, and, after encountering innumerable perils in traversing the country towards the coast, arrived at St. Valery, where he embarked, and, in a few hours reached the shores of England: grateful to that Providence which had conducted him to a country where his life was in safety, and where, in common with his unfortunate countrymen, he was received with kindness and humanity. He took up his abode at Hastings, and applied himself to the study of the English language, to which he was previously a perfect stranger, with so much success, that in the course of a few months, he was enabled to address a composition, in English blank-verse, to a gentleman of considerable literary acquirements, in a style of grammatical accuracy rarely equalled by a foreigner, even after a long course of study.
Altogether dependent upon his own personal exertions, in a strange land, without friends or pecuniary resources, the Abbé had hitherto supported himself, an assisted some of his suffering companions in misfortune, by the sale, for very trifling sums, of his sketches of some of the picturesque scenery in the neighbourhood of Hastings; when, in the early part of the year 1793, the present Norroy King of Arms, to whom he had been accidentally introduced, soon after his arrival in England, suggested to him the employment of his pencil in heraldic designs. The offer was accepted; his pencil, which, in the more auspicious stage of his life, had been a source of amusement in the hours of relaxation from study, was destined to secure to him an honourable independence; and, from that period, he became attached to the College of Arms as an heraldic draughtsman, and had the happiness, during a long series of years, to enjoy the friendship of many of its members, among whom the late Sir Isaac Heard, Garter, entertained for him the highest regard.
The Abbé Macquin’s habits of life were very retired, constantly dedication his leisure to literary pursuits: and he made himself so well acquainted with the English language, that, in the course of the last fifteen years, he edited several works of considerable merit; though, from a feeling of diffidence, as a foreigner, he could not be prevailed upon to allow them to be put forth to the public under his own name. He compiled the Catalogue of the Library of the Medical Society, printed in the year 1804; was the author of a Treatise upon Heraldry and Knighthood, as well as a Survey of London, and other articles, inserted in the Encyclopaedia Londinensis; also, of an ingenious Essay upon the Pugilistic Games of the Ancients, extracted from the Greek and Latin Authors, which appeared in the Sporting Magazine in 1817 and 1818; to which publication he also contributed a great number of articles upon the Fine Arts, as well as upon subjects of Literature. He was employed in editing an improved re-print of Bellinger’s Dictionary of French and English Idioms, recently published by Sherwood and Co.; and, having a great taste for lexicographical knowledge, he devoted much of his time, towards the close of his life, in illustrating the last edition of Johnson’s Dictionary: the result of which, under the title of “Etymological Gleanings,” it was his intention to have offered to the public. His Latin Poem, entitled, “Tabella Cibaria, or the Bill of Fare,” illustrated by copious and highly entertaining notes, published about three years since, was composed by him soon after his arrival in this country, and is a work displaying considerable ingenuity and classical learning.
An amateur of the Fine Arts, he possessed a thorough knowledge of the various schools of Painting; and his judgment of ancient pictures, which has been frequently available to several eminent Collectors, has been rarely surpassed. He sketched with great spirit and effect; and his heraldic employment placed him in the way of exercising his taste upon several public occasions. The Car, which bore the mortal remains of the heroic Nelson to St. Paul’s Cathedral, was designed by him, and the well-applied motto “Hoste devicto requievit,” on one of the compartments was considered highly creditable to his classical taste. He also prepared the design for the new Throne in the House of Lords, approved by His Majesty, which was executed under his immediate direction.
After the conclusion of the war in 1814, he visited France for a short time; but, having during the revolution been deprived of most of those friends and connexions which alone could have attached him to his native country, and his habits of life having, during the long period of his exile, become more English than French, he returned to England, and determined to pass the remainder of his days in his adopted country.
If the Abbé Macquin was distinguished for his classical taste and learning, he was no less so for the substantial endowments which adorn the character of an honest man. He was born and educated in the Roman Catholic faith: but his religious principles were marked by a feeling of liberality and benevolence; his manners were cheerful, his memory retentive; and, had he sought to extend the circle of his acquaintance, few men, perhaps, possessed, in a higher degree, the requisite qualifications for polished society.
He died in Bermondsey-street, in the borough of Southwark, on the 17th of July, and was interred in the Church of St. John Horsleydown, on the 22nd of the same month, having nearly completed his 67th year. (The Gentleman's Magazine: and Historical Chronicle. From July to December, 1823 - Obituary pp. 180-182).
2. A Dandy of ye Merino-Breed
3. Plain common-Sense; no Genius.
4. Naso. A Poetical Genius.
5. Incipient Covetousness.
6. Strong Symptoms of Peevishness.
7. An Hoaxer.
8. A plain-Matter-of-Fact-Gentleman.
9. Superftitious Worfhip.
10. Fervent Prayer.
11. Pleasing Thoughts of Love.
12. Temporary Disdain.
13. Scorn positive.
14. Sovereign Contempt.
15. Suppressed Anger changed into Scorn.
16. Silent Reproof.
17. An Angry Sneer.
19. Emaciated Avarice.
20. Listening to a pleasing Story.
21. Listening to a Tale of Woe.
22. Content and Ease.
23. The Smile and The Tear.
25. Strong Paroxysm of Rage.
26. Curiosity attended with Horror.
27. A Fright.
28. Uncontrolled Sensuality.
33. Excruciating Head-ache.
34. Sig: Braggadoccio.
35. Tipsiness and Jollity.
36. A Significant Leer.
37. The Independent Nut-Cracker.
38. A noble Denial.
40. Sympathizing commiseration.
41. Blowing Cold.
42. Blowing Hot.
43. Blowing neither hot nor cold.
46. Whistling for want of Thought.
47. Singing the Base.
48. Bawling a Ballad.
49. Serious Speculation.
52. Deep Study.
53. Ardent Desire.
54. Ebriety dozing.
55. Drunkenness afleep.
56. Ardent Thirst of Revenge.
58. Listening Jealousy.
59. Injunction of Secrecy.
61. Complicated Wretchedness.
64. Suspicion and Distrust.
65. Tasting Wine.
66. Maternal Affection.
68. Giving a caution.
70. Going to Sneeze.
72. Strict Attention to Business.
74. Cracking a Joke.
81. Intentional Bafhfulness.
83. Assumed Consequence.
85. Unconquerable Positiveness.
92. Smelling a Rat.
95. A Complete State of Doodledom.
97. A Bon-vivant half-seas-over.
99. Admiration without Astonishment.
100. Astonishment without Admiration.