Lyon: Apud Antonium Vincentium (Excudebat Michael Sylvius), 1558. Item #05248
A Very Fine Sammelband of Six Aristotle Science Texts
From Lyons Publisher Antoine Vincent
Produced for the 'Renaissance student'
In a Magnificently Preserved 'Renaissance Binding'
ARISTOTELES. Physicorum Aristotelis libri. [Of Physics]. Joanne Argyropylo & Francis. Vatablo interprete. Lyon: Apud AntoniumVincentium (Excudebat Michael Sylvius), 1558 (colophon: 1553).
Octavo (6 3/8 x 4 1/4 inches; 162 x 108 mm.). , 214,  pp. italic type. Woodcut printer's device on title-page. Five early owner's inscriptions on title-page part crossed out and a Franciscan monastery stamp with another inscription on flyleaf. Early annotations and underlining.
Contemporary blind tooled pigskin over beveled wooden boards with central panel stamp portrait of Jesus on both covers, enclosed within ornamental rolls and fillets. Spine with four raised bands and manuscript title in top compartments, manuscript shelf no. in lower compartment, top & bottom edges stained blue, both original brass clasps present. Apart from a reddish stain on the upper cover and traces of an old repair on lower cover. A truly exceptional original binding from 1558 complete with it's original metal clasps. Housed in a felt-lined black cloth clamshell case, spine with leather label, lettered in gilt.
2. ARISTOTELES. De caelo libri quatuor. [Of Heaven]. I. Argyropylo interprete. 115,  pp. Printer's device. Lyon; A. Vicentium, 1553 (ms. change to 1558).
3. ARISTOTELES. De generatione et corruptione libri duo. [Of the generation and corruption of books].
F. Vatablo interprete. 67 pp. Printer's device. Lyon; A. Vicentium, 1553 (ms. changed to 1558).
4. ARISTOTELES. Meteorologicorum libri quatuor. [Meteorological studies]. 158, [21 pp. Printer's device and 5 text woodcuts and diagrams. Lyon; A. Vicentium (Excudebat Symphorianus Barbierus), 1558.
5. ARISTOTELES. De anima libri tres. [From animals]. 106 pp. 1 blank leaf. Printer's device. Lyon; A. Vicentium, 1558.
6. ARISTOTELES. De sensu & sensili, de memoria & reminiscentia (etc.). [Memory, senses & reminiscences].
F. Vatablo interprete. 154 pp. (without last blank). Woodcut printer's device and 1 text woodcut diagram. Lyon; A. Vicentium, 1558.
A fine set of the series of six Aristotle science texts in Latin translations published by the important Lyons publisher Antoine Vincent who was a major supplier of textbooks to the Renaissance university students. On verso of first title-page is a publisher's catalogue listing the first two titles that appear in this volume as translated by John Argyropoulos, ( -1486) and the following titles as translated by Franciscus Vatablus, ( -1547). The final seven Aristotelian titles listed are those traditionally gathered under the title Parva naturalia ("short treatises on nature''), part of Aristotle's biology, and are listed appended to the sixth volume (De sensu & sensili). Each title has its own title-page and collation, with the first and fourth identifying the printer in the colophon. Also included with the texts are the commentaries by Simplicius of Cilicia (Physics & De caelo), John Philoponus (De generatione et corruptione), Alexander of Aphrodisias (Meteorologica), and Niccolo Leonico Tomeo (Parva naturalia).
As a major supplier of textbooks Vincent needed to keep a large stock to control the market. Since each of these works were also available separately when supplying complete sets (such as the present example) parts would have to come from different runs. For the 1558 edition Vincent would include copies of his leftover 1553 titles whose dates were 'updated' with a quick swipe of the pen to turn the 3 into an 8 (second and third texts). The first text while having the 1558 title was an interesting mixed issue with the colophon gathering from the 1553 edition.
A quick check of Vincent's publishing output, as listed in Adams, shows him using no less than fourteen different printers for the books listed which is only a small example of his published work. For the present series two Lyons printers are identify themselves in the colophons: Michael Sylvius for the Physicorum and Symphorianus Barbierus for the Meteorologicorum. These two printers probably had taken product as payment for their work as was commonly done.
A lovely set of works for the renaissance student bound in a very handsome contemporary blind tooled pigskin binding with the original brass clasps still present. From the five owner inscriptions we see that the volume was kept in use up at least up to the end of the seventeenth century ("Sum Residentiae Marek Schonfeldensis 1692"). The front flyleaf has the curious inscription "Sum Kihani Emert 1601."
Antoine VINCENT (1500-1568). aka. Vincentius. A Bookseller of Calvinist confession and the eldest son of the bookseller Simon Vincent. From 1557 in from Lyon, he organized "the largest publishing company of the century", and the printing and trade of the Reformed Psalter (1562), for which he obtained in December 1561 a privilege for the benefit of his son Antoine II Vincent.
The ambiguity of the name Antoine Vincent seems to have been voluntarily maintained from 1550. From 1559 to 1564, he moved with his family to Geneva, where although living alone he obtained the authorization to operate four presses. Meanwhile, the Lyon trading house was run by his eldest son Barthélemy. In May 1561, he entrusted Antoine II with the organization of his branch in Basel. By Geneva ordinance of June 1563, he was recognized as one of the three most important publishers in the city. He actively participated in the development of the Reformed Church of Lyon. Arrested in 1567, his property was confiscated in 1568. He died between May 2 (date of his will) and June 2, 1568 and was recognized as one of the three most important publishers in the city.
References: No. 1. Index Aureliana (= Cranz (108.346; No. 2. Pettegrew & Walsby, French Books, no. 54274; No. 3. Pettegrew & Walsby, French Books, no. 54275; No. 4. Pettegrew & Walsby, French Books, no. 54417; No. 5. Pettegrew & Walsby, French Books, no. 54401; No. 6. Pettegrew & Walsby, French Books, no. 54410;.